Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,660,272 people (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of a lot more than a single million residents.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan area, also identified as the Valley of the Sun, which in flip is portion of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan area is the 11th greatest by population in the United States, with approximately 4.73 million people as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the greatest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (1,341 km2), a lot more than twice the dimension of Tucson and a single of the greatest cities in the United States.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural neighborhood close to the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was incorporated as a city in 1881. It grew to become the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a hot desert climate. Regardless of this, its canal technique led to a thriving farming neighborhood with the unique settler’s crops remaining essential parts of the Phoenix economic climate for decades, this kind of as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper were identified locally as the “5 C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economic climate. These remained the driving forces of the city until finally after World War II, when higher-tech organizations started to move into the valley and air conditioning produced Phoenix’s hot summers a lot more bearable.
The city averaged a four percent annual population development charge in excess of a forty–year time period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This development charge slowed for the duration of the Great Economic downturn of 2007–09, and has rebounded slowly. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.